Why I Walk: For the TB Survivors

By Tara Ornstein, MPH

Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the world’s oldest and most significant public health challenges. Every year, 10 million people contract TB worldwide and 1.6 million people died of TB in 2017. But TB is a curable disease. If people living with active TB infection obtain the care and support they need, they can beat the disease. For the first time in decades, we have promising new diagnostic tools and new medicines that may fight even drug-resistant strains of TB more effectively.

Nevertheless, patients receiving treatment for TB are more likely to suffer from depression and suicidal behavior. Some of the factors that may cause depression and suicidal behavior include the stigma associated with TB, isolation from family and friends, and side effects associated with the medicines used to treat some forms of TB. For example, health professionals know that cycloserine sometimes causes depression, psychosis and suicidal thoughts. Although the general public is familiar with the side effects associated with the treatment of cancer and other diseases, the experience of patients undergoing TB treatment, particularly for drug-resistant TB, is less well-known and this adds to the isolation TB patients often experience. Several TB survivors have written about their experiences and the toll that the treatment has had on their lives.

The good news is that we have tools and medicines that can cure TB. In addition to using new technology to fight TB more effectively, we can also save lives by identifying people at risk for suicidal behavior. This is why I am walking in the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention’s Overnight Walk in Boston on June 22, 2019. The Overnight Walk will raise money to implement programs and provide resources to people at risk of suicide. To help achieve this goal, please consider making a donation to the AFSP here: https://www.theovernight.org/participant/30637

If you or someone you know is in crisis, please call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-TALK (8255) or contact the Crisis Text Line by texting TALK to 741741.

#WhyIWalk

2014 afsp overnight walk

Advertisements

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

Exam Prep: Factoring by Grouping

If 3xm + 2ym − 2yn − 3xn = 0 and m ≠ n , then what is the value of y in terms of x?

To answer this question, we will need to use an approach that is called “Factoring by Grouping.” We can use this approach when we have 4 terms and there is a pattern between 2 of the terms.

Step 1: Re-arrange terms

To begin, we will rewrite the equation as:

3xm – 3xn + 2ym – 2yn = 0

Step 2: Factor

Then, we will factor:

3x (m-n) + 2y (m-n) = 0

Step 3: Simplify

Because we have (m-n) in both places, we can simplify to:

(3x + 2y) (m -n) = 0

Step 4: Solve

Since the equation is equal to zero, we can conclude that either 3x + 2y = 0 or m-n = 0. However, for m-n=0 then it must be true that m=n and the question prompt says that is not true.

Therefore, if 3x + 2y = 0 we can subtract -3x from both sides and divide both sides by 2. This is the correct answer, -3x/2.

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

Using “En” in French

The pronoun “en” can be tricky for English speakers, but this post provides a few small tips on how to use this pronoun correctly.

First, “en” can replace nouns accompanied by an indefinite article. Examples include:

  • Tu manges des crêpes? Oui, j’en mange souvent.
  • Tu veux une banane? Merci, j’en prends une.

Second, “en” can also replace nouns that come after the preposition “de.” Examples include:

  • Il y a de la soupe? J’en veux beaucoup.
  • Tu veux un kilo de farine? Oui, j’en prends la moitié.

Third, “en” is used for places that are preceded by “de,” such as:

  • Tu es parti de Bordeaux ce matin? Oui, j’en suis parti à 10h.

Finally, “en” is used when “de” follows the verb as in:

  • Je rêve de devenir cantatrice. J’en rêve.

Leave a comment

Filed under French

French in Action: Lesson 16

Adult learners looking for resources to learn French may be interested in video series called “French in Action.” Although the series was created in 1987, the content is still useful. Thanks to the generosity of Annenberg Media, learners in Canada and the United States can access the videos free of charge online here: https://www.learner.org/resources/series83.html

Due to licensing agreements, online viewing of the videos for this resource is restricted to network connections in the United States and Canada.

In Lesson 16, the goal is to enable students to talk about: work; days and months of the year; buying and spending; years and centuries.

Professions / Les métiers

Un tailleur Tailor
Un couturier/Une couturière Fashion designer
Un peintre Painter
Un boulanger/ Une boulangère Baker
Un charpentier Carpenter
Un boucher/Une bouchère Butcher
Un charbonnier Coalman
Un pharmacien/Une pharmacienne Pharmacist
Un informaticien/Une informaticienne IT specialist
Un infirmier/Une infirmière Nurse
Un marin Sailor
Un pompier Fireman
Un mineur Miner
Un compositeur Composer
Un acteur/Une actrice Actor
Un berger/Une bergère Shepherd
Un aviateur/Une aviatrice Aviator
Un chevrier Goat herder
Un pilote Pilot
Un conducteur/Une conductrice Conducter
Un chauffeur Driver, chauffeur
Un forestier Forester, forest ranger
Un fermier/Une fermière Farmer
Un technicien/Une technicienne Technician

 

In case it is helpful to practice these words, a study set is available on quizlet here: https://quizlet.com/_3xzea2

New Vocabulary / Le nouveau vocabulaire

Une petite échelle A small ladder
Une grande échelle A big ladder
En haut de la grande échelle At the top of the ladder
Plonger To dive/plunge
Tomber To fall
Se pencher To lean
Attraper To catch
Glisser To slip
Profiter

Mireille profite du soleil.

La petite fille profite du vent pour jouer avec son bateau.

To enjoy, make the most of

Mireille enjoys the sun.

Inattendue

Une visite inattendue.

Unexpected

An unexpected visit.

En panne

Un bateau en panne (il ne marche pas).

Une voiture en panne (elle ne marche pas).

To be broken
A envie de

Robert a faim. Il a envie de manger. Il a envie d’un hamburger.

Robert a soif. Il a envie de boire quelque chose. Il a envie d’un Coca-Cola !

To want, feel like

 

In case it is helpful to practice these words, a study set is available on quizlet here: https://quizlet.com/_3xzeqe

Verb Conjugations / Les conjugaisons verbales

In this lesson, the instructor emphasizes the difference between verbs in the past and in the present. For example:

  Passé Présent
Elle Était Est
  Voulait Veut
  avait a

 

The instructor also reviews the conjugation of the verb écrire (“to write”).

J’écris

Tu écris

Elle/ Il/On écrit

Nous écrivons

Vous écrivez

Ils écrivent

 

Like the verb écrire, there are a number of verbs where the “t” is not pronounced in the singular 3rd persone. These verbs are:

 

Elle sort (sortir, to exit)

Elle part (partir, to leave/go out)

Elle sert (servir, to serve)

Elle vit (vivre, to live)

Elle sourit (sourir, to smile)

Elle dit (dire, to say)

Elle choisit (choisir, to choose)

Elle suit (suivre, to follow)

Elle conduit (conduire, to drive)

Elle fait (faire, to make/do)

Elle connaît (connaître, to know someone)

Elle est (être, to be)

 

Additional examples are :

Il pleut

Il peut

Il veut

 

Il faut

Il doit

Il croit

Il voit

 

Similarly, some verbs are conjugated with a « d » in the 3rd person that is not pronounced. These verbs include:

Elle attend

Elle entend

Elle apprend

Elle comprend

 

There are also verbs that end with a silent « e » in the singular 3rd person.

 

Elle arrive

Elle écoute

Elle parle

Elle commence

Elle continue

Elle essaie

Elle s’ennuie

 

There are also verbs that end with a silent « a » in the singular 3rd person.

Elle va

Elle a

 

For plural 3rd person conjugations, the “ent” is not pronounced.

Ils arrivent

Ils continuent

Ils essaient

Ils choisissent

Ils apprennent

Ils viennent

Ils tiennent

 

 

Leçon 16 compréhension écrite (illustrative answers in next post)

  1. Qu’est-ce qui indique que c’est le printemps, au jardin du Luxembourg?
  2. Où est le jeune homme brun et sympathique?
  3. Qu’est-ce que la petite fille tient?
  4. Pourquoi est-ce que Marie-Laure veut s’en aller?
  5. Est-ce que c’était vrai que Mme Belleau cherchait Mireille, tout à l’heure?
  6. Pourquoi Mireille est-elle étonnée quand Robert demande si elle connaît le Pays Basque?
  7. Pourquoi Mireille connaît-elle un peu le Pays Basque?
  8. Où est-ce que Mireille allait en vacances, quand elle était petite?
  9. Pourquoi Mireille aimait-elle la Bretagne?
  10. Qu’est-ce qu’elle faisait, en Bretagne, quand il faisait beau?
  11. Qu’est-ce qu’elle faisait quand il pleuvait?
  12. Pourquoi est-ce que la soeur de Mireille n’aimait pas la Bretagne?
  13. Pourquoi Robert a-t-il envie d’aller au Pays Basque?
  14. Quel était le métier du grand-père de Robert?
  15. Que faisait les parent de Mme Courtois?
  16. Où était leur magasin, à Bayonne?
  17. Est-ce que les grandparents de Robert vivent toujours?

18 Pourquoi Mireille ne peutelle pas aller chez les Coutais le lendemain?

  1. Pourquoi Robert veut-il aller à Chartres?
  2. Est-ce que Mireille y va pour voir la cathédrale?
  3. Si Robert ne va pas chez les Courtois demain, quand estce qu’il peut y aller?
  4. Pourquoi Marie-Laure pleure-t-elle?
  5. Pourquoi son bateau est-il en panne?
  6. Quand Robert et Mireille arrivent au bassin, où est le bateau de Marie-Laure? Est-ce qu’il est toujours au milieu du bassin?
  7. Comment le bateau est-il revenu près du bord, d’après Marie-Laure?

Leave a comment

Filed under French

Certificate in Business Russian Communication

Advanced business language courses for professionals who need to use Russian in their workplace are often hard to find. However, I recently completely an intensive two-month course that other Russian-speaking professionals may find interesting. It is offered by Business Russian IC and covers a range of important topics, including negotiations, logistics, and management communication.

For more information, you are welcome to visit: http://www.business-russian.com/on-line-courses/intensive-on-line-russian-course/

BR IC Certificate_Tara Lynch-Ornstein

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

QUÉ HACER SI ESTÁ INVOLUCRADO EN UNA REDADA DE CASA

Mantenga la calma. Usted tiene derechos. https://www.aclu.org/know-your-rights/que-hacer-si-esta-involucrado-en-una-redada-de-casa?redirect=know-your-rights/sus-derechos-basicos-durante-redadas

Para obtener más información, consulte: https://www.aclu.org/know-your-rights/que-debe-hacer-si-la-policia-agent… (Español)

Para más información, contacte a su oficina local de la ACLU: www.aclu.org/about/affiliates

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

Как успешно пройти собеседование

Чтобы быть успешно пройти собеседование, вы должны хорошо знать себя и должность/организацию, в которую вы хотите устроиться. Вы должны быть готовы предоставлять лаконичные, но вместе с тем полные ответы на вопросы. Ниже приводится перечень вопросов, которые часто задаются во время собеседований при приеме на работу в Северной Америке и других регионах.

I. Вопросы о квалификации и интересах кандидата

Почему Вы выбрали эту карьеру?

Почему Вы ушли с последнего места работы?

Почему Вас интересует эта должность?

В чем заключаются Ваши основные сильные и слабые стороны?

Как Вы определяете для себя или оцениваете успех?

Расскажите мне о себе. Или: Как бы Вы себя описали?

Как бы описали Вас Ваши коллеги? Как бы описал Вас Ваш руководитель?

В чем заключается Ваше самое значительное профессиональное достижение?

Как Вы функционируете в стрессовых ситуациях? Или: Как Вы справляетесь со стрессом? Или: Насколько хорошо Вы работаете под давлением?

Расскажите мне о проблеме или конфликте, с которыми Вы столкнулись на работе, и как Вы их разрешили?

Расскажите мне что-нибудь неожиданное о себе.

Кем Вы видите себя через пять лет?

II. Вопросы об организации (задаваемые кандидату)

Что, по Вашему мнению, мы могли бы делать по-другому?

Что, по Вашему мнению, будет Вашим самым большим вкладом в успех нашей организации, если Вы будете приняты на работу?

Почему Вы хотите работать в этой компании/организации?

Что, по Вашему мнению, необходимо для того, чтобы быть успешным в этой компании/организации?

 

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

New Online Certificate Program to Learn Business Spanish

If you are a busy working professional who is unable to attend on-site language classes, you might be interested in a new online certificate program offered by the University of Wisconsin. In 6 months, you can greatly improve your Spanish language skills and gain the cultural knowledge you need to conduct business successfully in Spain and Latin America.

I recently completed the online course and am using everything I have learned in my daily professional activities. For more information, you are welcome to visit http://continuingstudies.wisc.edu/certificates/business-spanish

Tara Ornstein Business Spanish Certificate

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

Para tener éxito en una entrevista…

Para tener éxito en una entrevista, debe conocerse a sí mismo y conocer el puesto/la organización. Debe estar preparado para responder preguntas de manera sucinta, pero minuciosa. La siguiente lista contiene preguntas comunes que generalmente se realizan durante entrevistas en América del Norte y otras regiones.

Preguntas sobre las cualificaciones y los intereses del candidato

¿Por qué eligió esta carrera?

¿Por qué dejó su último trabajo?

¿Por qué le interesa este puesto?

¿Cuáles son sus mayores puntos fuertes y débiles?

¿Cómo determina o evalúa el éxito?

Cuénteme sobre usted. O: ¿Cómo se describiría?

¿Cómo lo describirían sus compañeros de trabajo? ¿Cómo lo describiría su supervisor?

¿Cuál es su mayor logro profesional?

¿Cómo se desempeña en situaciones estresantes? O: ¿Cómo maneja el estrés? O: ¿Cómo trabaja bajo presión?

Cuénteme sobre algún desafío o conflicto que enfrentó en el trabajo y cómo lo manejó.

Cuénteme algo sobre usted que sea sorprendente.

¿Dónde se ve en cinco años?

Preguntas sobre la organización (realizadas al candidato)

¿Qué cree que podríamos hacer de forma diferente?

¿Cuál cree que sería su mayor aporte si lo contratásemos?

¿Por qué quiere trabajar para esta compañía/organización?

¿Qué cree que se necesita para tener éxito en esta compañía/organización?

 

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

Guilty or Innocent? New Documentary Presents Vladimir Putin’s Consolidation of Power

On January 13th, Frontline released a provocative documentary film about Vladimir Putin. The film raised many questions, several of them were very uncomfortable. What do you think? http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/putins-way/

Leave a comment

Filed under Europe, Russia